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What were the optical refinements used in the Parthenon?

The shape of the column shafts, and their slight tilt from the vertical, are said to correct optical distortions so that the building appears to be perfectly regular. … The columns taper towards the top, but also swell slightly part of the way up, to avoid an impression of narrowing at the centre.

Why are there no straight lines in the Parthenon?

There are indeed no straight lines in the Parthenon! This practice was implemented in Doric Temples, so that the building would look straight. Refer to the first picture to see what the building would look like if they built it straight in the first place! You can read more here , under the Architecture headline.

Who did the Greeks defeat in 480 BCE?

The Greeks defeated the Persian Empire’s initial foray into southern Greece (Attica) in 480 BC at the Battle of Thermopylae.

How many did 300 Spartans kill?


How many times did Persia invade Greece?

Greco-Persian Wars, also called Persian Wars, (492–449 bce), a series of wars fought by Greek states and Persia over a period of almost half a century. The fighting was most intense during two invasions that Persia launched against mainland Greece between 490 and 479.

Who burned down the Acropolis?

the Persians

When was Persia destroyed?


What damaged the Parthenon?

On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment during a siege of the Acropolis. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures.