What type of structure is the Parthenon?
Doric peripteral temple
What Citadel does the Parthenon stand on?
The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon.
What purpose did the Parthenon serve?
The main purpose of the Parthenon was as a temple for Athena, virgin goddess and patron of Athens. The building’s very name means “the virgin’s place” in Greek, according to the Columbia Encyclopedia.
What materials and tools did builders of the Parthenon use?
The main building material was Pentelic marble quarried from the flanks of Mt. Pentelikon, located about 10 mi/ 16 km from Athens. (The old Parthenon, the one destroyed by the Persians while it was partway through construction was the first temple to use this kind of marble.)
How is the Parthenon used today?
Ancient Greek temple
When was the Parthenon completed?
Why should the British Museum keep the Elgin marbles?
Housed in the British Museum, the marbles serve a far larger audience in London than they would if they were sent back to Athens. … In this way, visitors may appreciate the technical and artistic genius of the marbles next to other objects from different times and places.