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What stories did the pediments on the Parthenon tell?

Thanks to Pausanias, a Greek geographer, the themes of these pediments are known: to the east, the birth of Athena, and to the west the quarrel between her and Poseidon to become the tutelary deity of Athens. … Some statues and many fragments are kept at the Acropolis Museum in Athens.

What is depicted on the east pediment of the Parthenon?

The east pediment represented the birth of Athena. According to Greek mythology Zeus gave birth to Athena after a terrible headache prompted him to summon Hephaestus’ (the god of fire and the forge) assistance. The sculptural arrangement depicts the moment of Athena’s. …

Why are the goddesses in the pediment of the Parthenon sitting and reclining?

The east pediment of the Parthenon showed the birth of goddess Athena from the head of her father Zeus. … They include these three goddesses, who were seated to the right of centre. From left to right, their posture varies in order to accommodate the slope of the architectural mouldings that framed the pediment.

Where are the marble sculptures from the Parthenon pediments now?

London, England

Is the Parthenon a museum?

The Parthenon The building and the Athena statue are both full-scale replicas of the Athenian originals. … The Parthenon also serves as Nashville’s art museum. The focus of the Parthenon’s permanent collection is a group of 63 paintings by 19th and 20th century American artists donated by James M.

Why Elgin Marbles should stay in British Museum?

Housed in the British Museum, the marbles serve a far larger audience in London than they would if they were sent back to Athens. … In this way, visitors may appreciate the technical and artistic genius of the marbles next to other objects from different times and places.

Who did the Spartans enslave?

Helot, a state-owned serf of the ancient Spartans. The ethnic origin of helots is uncertain, but they were probably the original inhabitants of Laconia (the area around the Spartan capital) who were reduced to servility after the conquest of their land by the numerically fewer Dorians.

Who really built the pyramids of Giza?

Pyramids of Giza | National Geographic. All three of Giza’s famed pyramids and their elaborate burial complexes were built during a frenetic period of construction, from roughly 2550 to 2490 B.C. The pyramids were built by Pharaohs Khufu (tallest), Khafre (background), and Menkaure (front).