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What is the meaning of parthenos?

Parthenos (παρθένος) is the Greek term for “virgin”. It may refer to: Virgo (constellation) the epithet of virgin goddesses in Greek mythology, Athena Parthenos.

Why is the Parthenon dedicated to Athena?

The Parthenon was an amazing and important temple. Dedicated to Athena, the goddess of war and wisdom, it was a very important temple to the Greeks. Greeks worshiped all of their gods by building temples for them and giving sacrifices. … Dedicated to Athena Parthenos (Athena the virgin) goddess of war and wisdom.

Was Athena’s temple called the Parthenon?

Parthenon, temple that dominates the hill of the Acropolis at Athens. It was built in the mid-5th century bce and dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos (“Athena the Virgin”).

Is Athena and Athena Nike the same?

Nike probably did not originally have a separate cult at Athens. … As an attribute of both Athena, the goddess of wisdom, and the chief god, Zeus, Nike was represented in art as a small figure carried in the hand by those divinities. Athena Nike was always wingless. Nike alone was winged.

Did the Greeks have slaves?

Slavery was an accepted practice in ancient Greece, as in other societies of the time. … The principal use of slaves was in agriculture, but they were also used in stone quarries or mines, and as domestic servants.

Is the Greek word for city-state?

In modern historiography, polis is normally used to indicate the ancient Greek citystates, such as Classical Athens and its contemporaries, and thus is often translated as “citystate“.

What was the most important role of Ephors in ancient Sparta?

The ephors were a council of five elected annually who swore “on behalf of the city” while the kings swore for themselves. Up to two ephors would accompany a king on extended military campaigns as a sign of control, and they held the authority to declare war during some periods in Spartan history.

What did Spartan Ephors?

The ephors presided over meetings of the council of elders, or gerousia, and assembly, or apella, and were responsible for the execution of their decrees.

How many Ephors did Sparta?

seven ephors

What does Strategoi mean?

Strategos, plural strategoi, Latinized strategus, (Greek: στρατηγός, pl. στρατηγοί; Doric Greek: στραταγός, stratagos; meaning “army leader”) is used in Greek to mean military general. In the Hellenistic world and the Byzantine Empire the term was also used to describe a military governor.

What was the name of the Spartan council?


What is the oracle in 300?

In 300, she played the role of the Oracle, a young Spartan girl who was chosen for her beauty and is guarded by the old Ephors, being frequently molested by them.

What is a Oracle?

An oracle is a person or agency considered to provide wise and insightful counsel or prophetic predictions, most notably including precognition of the future, inspired by deities. As such, it is a form of divination.

Which country has Polis?


What is the Greek polis definition?

A city-state, or polis, was the community structure of ancient Greece. Each city-state was organized with an urban center and the surrounding countryside. … A surviving example of a structure central to an ancient acropolis is the famous Parthenon of Athens.

Why did independent city states emerge in ancient Greece?

One major reason why ancient Greece was dominated by small citystates and independent towns, rather than by one all-powerful king, is its geography. … Such a calm and easily navigable sea provided the Greeks with an opportunity to found new colonies in times of crisis and overpopulation.

Why did Greek colonize other lands?

The Greeks began founding colonies as far back as 900 to 700 B.C.E. These colonies were founded to provide a release for Greek overpopulation, land hunger, and political unrest. Iron tools and new farming techniques allowed the Greeks to farm larger pieces of land.

Was Macedonia a Greek city state?

Macedon was an ancient kingdom located in the north of the Greek peninsula first inhabited by the Mackednoi tribe who, according to Herodotus, were the first to call themselves ‘Hellenes’ (later applied to all Greeks) and who gave the land their name.

How did geography influence ancient Greece?

Greece’s steep mountains and surrounding seas forced Greeks to settle in isolated communities. Travel by land was hard, and sea voyages were hazardous. Most ancient Greeks farmed, but good land and water were scarce. They grew grapes and olives, and raised sheep, goats, pigs, and chickens.