Press "Enter" to skip to content

What is so special about the Parthenon?

The Parthenon was the center of religious life in the powerful Greek City-State of Athens, the head of the Delian League. Built in the 5 century B.C., it was a symbol of the power, wealth and elevated culture of Athens. It was the largest and most lavish temple the Greek mainland had ever seen.

What is the Parthenon and why was it created?

The Parthenon was mainly constructed as a temple for the Goddess Athena who was the chief deity worshipped by the residents of Athens. Construction of the building began during 447 BCE and lasted until 438 BCE. The decoration of the Parthenon lasted for several more years until 432 BCE.

What God is the Parthenon for?

Parthenon, temple that dominates the hill of the Acropolis at Athens. It was built in the mid-5th century bce and dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos (“Athena the Virgin”).

Who had more slaves Athens or Sparta?

Spartan Slaves Helots, were people the Spartans had conquered. There were many more helots (slaves) than citizens in Sparta.

How were slaves in Athens treated?

The Populace of AthensSlaves. Slaves were the lowest class in Athenian society, but according to many contemporary accounts they were far less harshly treated than in most other Greek cities. … Next in status were domestic slaves who, under certain circumstances, might be allowed to buy their own freedom.

Who had a stronger navy Athens or Sparta?

Sparta was leader of an alliance of independent states that included most of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greece, as well as the sea power Corinth. Thus, the Athenians had the stronger navy and the Spartans the stronger army.

How many slaves did Sparta?

We might never find out, but what is amazing about helots is that there were seven of them per a single Spartan. You heard it right, seven slaves per a single free citizen. What did these helots actually do?

What were slaves called in Athens?

The Greeks had many degrees of enslavement. There was a multitude of categories, ranging from free citizen to chattel slave, and including Penestae or helots, disenfranchised citizens, freedmen, bastards, and metics.

Is Sparta still a city?

Petros Doukas (as of 2020) (since 900s B.C.E.) Sparta (Greek: Σπάρτη, Spárti, [ˈsparti]) is a town and municipality in Laconia, Greece.

How many helots did Sparta?

seven helots

Who did Sparta enslave?

Helot, a state-owned serf of the ancient Spartans. The ethnic origin of helots is uncertain, but they were probably the original inhabitants of Laconia (the area around the Spartan capital) who were reduced to servility after the conquest of their land by the numerically fewer Dorians.

What are the three social classes of Sparta?

The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.

What was the war between Athens and Sparta called?

The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region.

Did Athens beat Sparta?

Impact of the Peloponnesian War Athens lost its dominance in the region to Sparta until both were conquered less than a century later and made part of the kingdom of Macedon.

Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?

The destruction of Athens’s fleet in the Battle of Aegospotami effectively ended the war, and Athens surrendered in the following year. Corinth and Thebes demanded that Athens should be destroyed and all its citizens should be enslaved, but Sparta refused.

What broke out behind the Athenian city walls during the war?

The war started slowly at first with the Athenians retreating behind their long city walls and receiving shipments of food from their harbor. … When plague broke out in Athens in 430 BC, things took a dramatic turn for the worse.

How are Athens and Sparta similar?

One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. … Thus, because both parts of Athens‘ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.