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What does modernism mean in art?

Although many different styles are encompassed by the term, there are certain underlying principles that define modernist art: A rejection of history and conservative values (such as realistic depiction of subjects); innovation and experimentation with form (the shapes, colours and lines that make up the work) with a …

What is the purpose of fundamentalism?

The movement’s purpose was to reaffirm key theological tenets and defend them against the challenges of liberal theology and higher criticism. The concept of “fundamentalism” has roots in the Niagara Bible Conferences that were held annually between 1878 and 1897.

What is a fundamentalist church?

Fundamentalist Christianity, also known as Christian Fundamentalism or Fundamentalist Evangelicalism, is a movement that arose mainly within British and American Protestantism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries among conservative evangelical Christians, who, in a reaction to modernism, actively affirmed a …

Who started fundamentalism?

Though several names are associated with its evolution, there is no single founder of Fundamentalism. American Evangelist Dwight L. Moody (1837–99) and Brit- ish preacher and father of dispensationalism11 John Nelson Darby (1800–1882). Also associated with the early beginnings of Fundamentalism were Cyrus I.

Is religious fundamentalism on the rise?

Religious fundamentalism has risen to worldwide prominence since the 1970s. … Surveying work over the past two decades, we find both substantial progress in sociological research on such movements and major holes in conceptualizing and understanding religious fundamentalism.

What is religious fundamentalism?

Fundamentalism, type of conservative religious movement characterized by the advocacy of strict conformity to sacred texts. … Indeed, in the broad sense of the term, many of the major religions of the world may be said to have fundamentalist movements.

What was religion like in the 1920s?

Social changes in the 1920s led to a major religious revival among conservative Christians. They did not like the influence of cinema and jazz, or the new way in which women dressed and behaved. There was a growing divide between the modern city culture and the more traditional rural areas.

What was the Roaring Twenties?

In the Roaring Twenties, a surging economy created an era of mass consumerism, as Jazz-Age flappers flouted Prohibition laws and the Harlem Renaissance redefined arts and culture.

How did culture change during the 1920s?

The 1920s was a decade of deep cultural conflict. … The most obvious signs of change were the rise of a consumer-oriented economy and of mass entertainment, which helped to bring about a “revolution in morals and manners.” Sexual mores, gender roles, hair styles, and dress all changed profoundly during the 1920s.

What changes occurred during the Roaring Twenties?

The 1920s was a decade of change, when many Americans owned cars, radios, and telephones for the first time. The cars brought the need for good roads. The radio brought the world closer to home. … In 1920 the Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed, creating the era of Prohibition.

What was the nickname of the 1920’s decade Why did it have that nickname?

The 1920s was the first decade to have a nickname: “Roaring 20s” or “Jazz Age.” It was a decade of prosperity and dissipation, and of jazz bands, bootleggers, raccoon coats, bathtub gin, flappers, flagpole sitters, bootleggers, and marathon dancers.