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What does Khiva mean?

noun. a former Asian khanate along the Amu Darya River, S of the Aral Sea: now divided between Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.

What happened Khiva?

In the course of the Russian conquest of Central Asia, in 1873 the Russian General Konstantin von Kaufman launched an attack on the city of Khiva, which fell on 28 May 1873. Although the Russian Empire now controlled the Khanate, it allowed Khiva to remain as a nominally quasi-independent protectorate.

How old is Khiva?

Khiva Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. According to archaeological evidence, the city existed as early as the 6th century ce, but it was first recorded in the 10th century by two Arabian travelers.

How do I get to Khiva from Tashkent?

Tashkent bus station operates a bus from Tashkent bus station to Khiva once daily. Tickets cost $11 and the journey takes 13h. Alternatively, Uzbek Railways operates a train from Tashkent South to Khiva once daily. Tickets cost $13 – $24 and the journey takes 13h 55m.

How far is Samarkand from Bukhara?

217 km

How much is the train from Tashkent to Samarkand?

TashkentSamarkand by Afrosiyob high-speed train costs 95,000 som in Economy, 132,000 som in Business, 582,000 som in VIP. TashkentSamarkand on train 9 or 10 Sharq costs 50,000 in 2nd class, 81,000 som in 1st class.

How do you get from Khiva to Bukhara?

There are no direct shared taxi’s between Khiva and Bukhara so the first step is to get to Urgench, the transport hub of Khorezm and Karakalpakstan. Shared taxi’s and trolleybuses from Khiva to Urgench leave from the northern gate of the old town (Itchan Qala). Both options cost around 1 dollar per person.

How do I get from Samarkand to Bukhara?

The quickest way to get from Samarkand to Bukhara is to train which costs $11 – $16 and takes 1h 42m. How far is it from Samarkand to Bukhara? The distance between Samarkand and Bukhara is 217 km. The road distance is 263.

How do you get to Samarkand?

The easiest and fastest way to travel from Tashkent to Samarkand is by train. There are 2 types of trains – the Afrosiyob and the Sharq – that run from Tashkent to Samarkand. The Afrosiyob is the high-speed train and takes you from Uzbekistan’s capital to Samarkand in a bit more than 2 hours.

Who lived in Samarkand?

Samarkand was conquered by Uzbeks in 1500 and became part of the khanate of Bukhara. By the 18th century it had declined, and from the 1720s to the 1770s it was uninhabited.

Who built Samarkand?


When was Samarkand founded?

7th century

What was the most centrally located city of sogdiana?


Who were the Sogdian traders?

The Sogdian Traders were crucial to the passage of trade across Central Asia in the early Middle Ages. Originally from the regions around Samarkand, Bukhara and Tashkent, their presence as traders across the expanse of Central Asia is attested by texts, inscriptions and archaeology from China to Turkey.

Where is Bactria today?

Bactria, also called Bactriana or Zariaspa, ancient country lying between the mountains of the Hindu Kush and the Amu Darya (ancient Oxus River) in what is now part of Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.

How did the sogdians arrive in Central Asia?

Where did they come from? The Sogdians came to Sogdiana probably about 1500 BC. (That’s modern Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.) They were part of the wave of Yamnaya migration to the south-east.

Why was it seen as Xi An’s Western rival?

Why was it seen as Xi’an’s western rival? Its gleaming palaces and fragrant gardens look down on Iraq’s Tigris River; foreign goods arrive daily by ship as well as by camel caravan. An illustrious family of Islamic rulers holds court here.

What was the impact of disease along the Silk Road?

What was the impact of disease along the Silk Roads? Contact led to peoples being exposed to unfamiliar diseases to which they had little immunity or effective methods of coping. The spread of some particularly virulent epidemic diseases could lead to deaths on a large scale.

How does a camel cope with the conditions of the Silk Road?

Adapted to the harsh desert conditions of Central Asia and the Middle East, camels made ideal pack animals for travel along the Silk Road. These hardy creatures thrived on tough desert plants. … A loaded camel could sometimes go for 15 days without a drink of water.

What was the greatest impact of the Silk Road?

The greatest value of the Silk Road was the exchange of culture. Art, religion, philosophy, technology, language, science, architecture, and every other element of civilization was exchanged along these routes, carried with the commercial goods the merchants traded from country to country.

What made silk valuable in the West?

What made silk valuable in the West? The Chinese were the only ones who knew how to make it. glassware. The Silk Road split into a northern route and a southern route.

What made silk so valuable?

Silk is a fabric first produced in Neolithic China from the filaments of the cocoon of the silk worm. It became a staple source of income for small farmers and, as weaving techniques improved, the reputation of Chinese silk spread so that it became highly desired across the empires of the ancient world.

Which is the most expensive silk?

Mulberry silk

How was silk made in China?

The ancient Chinese bred special moths to produce the quality silk they wanted. … The cocoons are steamed to kill the growing moth inside. The cocoons are rinsed in hot water to loosen the threads. Women would unwind the cocoons and then combine six or so fibers into silk threads.

Who benefited the most by the Silk Road?

Everyone (East and West) benefited from the Silk Road. It opened up trade, communication, different ideas, culture, and religion to the entire world.

Who profited from the Silk Road and why?

The main people who profited from the Silk Road were the wealthy merchants who could afford to finance a trading expedition that would takes years and…

Which region benefited the most from the Silk Road trade?

India benefited from the Silk Road because it gave them new customers and new trade connections for their most valuable goods, especially spices. …

What replaced the Silk Road?