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What does glucose metabolism mean?

Glucose metabolism involves the different pathways of glycolysis, glycogen synthesis, and the two alternate pathways pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) and hexosamine biosynthesis pathway (HBP). From: The Scientist’s Guide to Cardiac Metabolism, 2016.

Where does glucose metabolism occur?

Glucose is oxidized to carbon dioxide through a series of metabolic pathways, namely glycolysis in the cytosol followed by the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and the respiratory chain in the mitochondrial network.

What is glucose metabolism called?

This process is called glycogenolysis (catabolism). If glucose is needed immediately upon entering the cells to supply energy, it begins the metabolic process called glycoysis (catabolism).

What affects glucose metabolism?

Hormonal Control of Glucose Metabolism The level of glucose production depends on energy intake and substrate supply. Insulin is the major hormone controlling glucose utilization, which is more strictly regulated than glucose supply.

What is normal glucose metabolism?

The average fasting blood glucose concentration (no meal within the last 3 to 4 hours) is between 80 to 90 mg/dl. On average, postprandial blood glucose may rise to 120 to 140 mg/dl, but the body’s feedback mechanism returns the glucose to normal within 2 hours.

What are two major disorders of glucose metabolism?

diabetes mellitus. glucose metabolism. diabetes mellitus, type 2.

What is abnormal glucose metabolism?

Abnormal glucose metabolism is defined as FBG ≥5.