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What are examples of congressional oversight?

Oversight Processes. Congressional oversight of the executive branch has existed since the earliest days of the United States Congress. [3] Major processes related to congressional oversight include the investigative, impeachment, confirmation, appropriations, authorization, and budget processes.

What is an example that illustrates legislative oversight?

Oversight also occurs in a wide variety of congressional activities and contexts. These include authorization, appropriations, investigative, and legislative hearings by standing committees; which is specialized investigations by select committees; and reviews and studies by congressional support agencies and staff.

What is Congress’s most powerful oversight tool quizlet?

What is Congressmost powerful oversight tool? Perhaps Congress’s most powerful oversight tool is the Government Accountability Office (GAO).

How does Congress have oversight of the bureaucracy?

Congressional oversight over the executive branch through committee hearings and power of the purse.

Who is responsible for maintaining federal court records?

The clerk’s responsibilities include oversight of case management and the budget process and supervising personnel responsible for maintaining court records, equipment, information technology, statistics, courtroom services, and jury administration.

Who runs the court?

judge

Who defends the defendant?

Defense attorney

Who can prosecute?

A prosecutor is a legal representative of the prosecution in countries with either the common law adversarial system or the civil law inquisitorial system. The prosecution is the legal party responsible for presenting the case in a criminal trial against an individual accused of breaking the law.

What does the judge do?

A judge is an appointed or elected magistrate who presides over court proceedings. Judges rule on questions of law, act as a referee between the litigating parties, and render decisions in legal disputes.

What power do judges have?

The federal courts’ most important power is that of judicial review, the authority to interpret the Constitution. When federal judges rule that laws or government actions violate the spirit of the Constitution, they profoundly shape public policy.

What does the judge wear in court?

When sitting in criminal proceedings, judges wear scarlet robes with grey silk facings, bands or a jabot and a bench wig. When sitting in appeal or in civil proceedings, judges and masters wear a black silk gown, a bar jacket with either bands or a jabot and a bench wig.

Can a judge overrule a jury?

JNOV is the practice in American courts whereby the presiding judge in a civil jury trial may overrule the decision of a jury and reverse or amend their verdict. … In literal terms, the judge enters a judgment notwithstanding the jury verdict.

Which is better jury or judge?

Jury trials tend to last longer than non-jury trials, thus raising legal costs. Judges tend to be stricter on legal technicalities and procedures during a jury trial than a non-jury trial.

Can an acquittal be overturned?

With one exception, in the United States an acquittal cannot be appealed by the prosecution because of constitutional prohibitions against double jeopardy. The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled: If the judgment is upon an acquittal, the defendant, indeed, will not seek to have it reversed, and the government cannot.

How many of the jury have to agree?

When the jury struggles to all agree on the same verdict, the judge may decide that a verdict can be returned if a majority of the jury can reach an agreement. This is known as ‘majority verdict’ and normally means that the judge is content to receive a verdict if 10 or more of the 12 jurors are in agreement.

What verdicts can a jury give?

Possible verdicts in criminal cases are “guilty” or “not guilty.” In a civil suit, the jury will find for the plaintiff or the defendant. If the jury finds for the plaintiff, it will also usually set out the amount the defendant should pay the plaintiff for damages, often after a separate hearing concerning damages.

What happens if one juror says not guilty?

If the jurors cannot agree on a verdict, a hung jury results, leading to a mistrial. The case is not decided, and it may be tried again at a later date before a new jury. Or the plaintiff or government may decide not to pursue the case further and there will be no subsequent trial.

Can a judge overturn a jury’s verdict if he she disagrees with them?

The High Court found that a trial judge is able to direct a jury to return a verdict of not guilty where a verdict of guilty would be ‘unsafe or unsatisfactory. … So, all in all, courts can intervene to either direct the outcome of a case – or overturn a verdict of guilty – but these situations are rare.