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How and why was the Parthenon built?

Work began on the Parthenon, built on the Acropolis, in 447 BC to replace an existing temple which was destroyed by the Persians in 480 BC and cost 469 silver talents to build. The work began under the orders of Pericles to show the wealth and exuberance of Athenian power.

Why does the Parthenon have 46 columns?

There are 46 outer columns and 19 inner columns. The columns are slightly tapered to give the temple a symmetrical appearance. The corner columns are larger in diameter than the other columns. Incredibly, the Parthenon contains no straight lines and no right angles, a true feat of Greek architecture.

Did the Parthenon take 20 years to build?

Costing 5000 talents in the first year alone – a figure equivalent to some $3 billion in today’s money – the building was completed in less than 15 years, despite attempts to derail the projects by Pericles’ political opponents.

What is an example of post and lintel construction?

Stonehenge, an example of early post-and-lintel construction. The lintel must bear loads that rest on it as well as its own load without deforming or breaking. … The posts must support the lintel and its loads without crushing or buckling. Post material must be especially strong in compression.

What did the arch provide that post and lintel construction couldn t?

With the invention of the arch, two problems were solved: (1) wide openings could be spanned with small, light blocks, in brick as well as stone, which were easy to transport and to handle; and (2) the arch was bent upward to resist and to conduct into its supports the loads that tended to bend the lintel downward.

Why is post and lintel construction important?

It supports a large amount of weight, thus allowing buildings to rise higher than one story and broadening doorways and windows. There are many variations to the post and lintel design, with crossbeams, arches and walls added for extra support or as design elements.

What are posts in construction?

A post is a main vertical or leaning support in a structure similar to a column or pillar but the term post generally refers to a timber but may be metal or stone. A stud in wooden or metal building construction is similar but lighter duty than a post and a strut may be similar to a stud or act as a brace.

What is a post and lintel system of construction?

The post-and-lintel system is a simple method of construction involving the use of vertical and horizontal elements. The verticals support the horizontals, creating one storey of a building. Additional verticals can be placed atop the horizontals to create structures with more than one level.